Chinese people are deeply sad about the fire, just as th

He said he believes that with the efforts of the French people and supp

ort from the international community, Notre Dame will be repaired and regain its glory.

The fire broke out around 6:30 pm on the roof of the cathedral, which was covered in scaffoldi

ng. The blaze spread quickly and destroyed the wooden interior before causing the spire to collapse.

It took more than 400 firefighters over 12 ho

urs to put out the fire, and the main structure and two bell towers remained standing.

The cause of the fire is still unknown, though officials said it could be linked to renovation work. Investigators were eag

er to question the workmen in an effort to determine the cause of the fire, according to media reports.

Visiting the scene of the fire in Paris, Macron vowed an immediat

e fundraising effort to rebuild the landmark, calling for international contributions.

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Its partial loss is a terrible blow to a proud country

 and to the world more widely,” said Macfarlane, the King’s College historian.

A woman identified only as Marie, who has lived in Paris for 20 years, said: “This is a monument b

uilding that belongs to the story of Paris, to the story of France. … Notre Dame is our story, our culture, our spirit.”

An experiment conducted by Chinese and US scientists on improving monkeys’ cognitive function has been

found to follow international animal rights standards, according to the Chinese research institute.

The study implanted 11 rhesus macaque monkeys with copies of the human MCP

H1 gene, which scientists believe is crucial for humans’ brain development and evolution.

The project is led by researchers from the Kunming Institute of Zoology of the Chinese Acade

my of Sciences, who are working with researchers from the University of North Carolina.

www.milkingmachines.cn

Customs makes its biggest tusk bustuangpu Customs Distri

China’s customs officers have seized 2,748 ivory tusks weighing a combined 7.48 metric tons after cracking a major smuggling case.

It was the biggest haul of tusks ever recorded in an anti-smuggling bust conducted in

dependently by customs officers, the General Administration of Customs said on Monday.

The case was solved in March after a combined operation of differ

ent customs offices lasting three months. A total of 238 custo

ms officers took part from cities around the country, including Hefei, Nanjing, Beijing, Fuzhou and Qingdao.

Twenty suspects were detained for further investigation, accor

ding to Sun Zhijie, director of the administration’s anti-smuggling bureau.

Sun said the tusks, illegally shipped from African countries, were imported into China labeled as wood.

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Hu said the administration also will promote anti-smug

ling and wildlife protection knowledge among the public, and it welcomes public supervision or reports of smuggling.

As social networks and online stores have become increasingly important tools for wildlife s

mugglers, the administration has beefed up its anti-smuggling work online this year.

Customs officials are working on cases involving another 100 tons

of endangered wildlife and wildlife products, of which about 300 kilograms are tusks and ivory products.

Last year, the administration purchased advanced screening and detection equipment to improve th

e efficiency of its anti-smuggling work, according to Wang Wei, director of the administration’s ports supervision department.

People caught entering China with endangered wildlife or wildlife

products worth less than 200,000 yuan ($29,800) face up to five years in prison. If such contr

band goods are worth more than 1 million yuan, the penalty upon conviction is a minimum of 10 years in prison.

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On the basis of the four China-Japan political documen

s and in the spirit of seeing history as a mirror as well as facing the future, the two nations sho

uld continue to work toward the long-term, healthy and stable development of bilateral relations, he said.

As major economies in the world, China and Japan both support free trade and obey WTO rules, Li said.

He also welcomed Japanese businesses to expand investment in China

as the country will continue to unwaveringly deepen reform and expand opening-up.

China stands ready to move forward with talks with Japan and other rel

ated parties to further the negotiations regarding the Regional Comprehensive Econo

mic Partnership as well as the China-Japan-Republic of Korea Free Trade Agreement, he said.

Li also voiced China’s support for Japan’s hosting of the G20 Summit, which is slated this year

to be held in Osaka, and he hoped it would inject fresh impetus into global economic growth.

Kono expressed his appreciation for efforts made by the Chinese premier in helping return bilateral relations to the right track.

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Analysts guessing over central bank’s next move

Debates on whether the central bank needs to further ease monetary policy or not are continuing amo

ng analysts, with their emphasis on guessing the next liquidity injection through reducing banks’ reserved deposits.

Supporters of monetary easing expect that another cut in the re

serve requirement ratio (RRR) may come no later than this week, as a liquidity shorta

ge may occur after commercial banks pay back 366.5 billion yuan ($54.65 billion) to the central bank on Wedn

esday. That amount of interbank lending was conducted previously under the medium-term lending facilities (MLF) scheme.

Opponents, however, contend that the current liquidity is sufficient, and any further ea

sing will fuel inflation risks, especially as Chinese economy has started its upcycle.

The central bank’s monetary policy committee held the first quarter’s regular meeting on Friday.

The members achieved a consensus to continue the counter-cyclical measures and stren

gthen coordination between monetary and fiscal policies. Policy fine-tuning should be at the proper time, to prev

ent risks with the priority of stabilizing growth, according to a statement after the meeting.

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he monetary policy should “maintain strategic focu

cus”, keeping it prudent while the liquidity should be at a reasonably adequate level, it said.

Financial policies are required to further support small and private companies, and fun

ding through the capital market is supported by the authorities, according to the statement.

The central bank had skipped open market operations for 15 conse

cutive working days until Monday. “Reasonable and adequate liquidity in the banking syste

m” was the main reason for the absence of open market operations, according to a statement from the central bank.

To cut or not to cut the RRR, a strong tool for liquidity adjustm

ent, has become a hot topic since April, not only for investors, but also for policy advisers.

Divergent opinions are spreading among a broader group of market observer

s. The market is trying to get more indications from the monetary authority, although the C

hinese central bank barely sends any hints on possible monetary policy operations before taking action.

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Index results bode well for quarterly GDPprise mark

hina’s economic growth will remain stable in the first quarter, and is expected to land at 6.3 percent or even higher year-on-year when it is released this week, e

conomists said after some economic indicators for March surprised the market on the upside.

“Downside pressure began to ease in the first quarter, as signaled by the r

ather substantial recovery in various economic indicators in March,” said Yao Jingyuan, form

er chief economist at the National Bureau of Statistics and a researcher for the Counselors’ Office of the State Council.

Chinese banks’ lending in yuan, a leading indicator for the real economy

, surged in March by 1.69 trillion yuan ($252 billion), up 52 percent from a year earli

er, according to the People’s Bank of China, the central bank. The manufacturing purchasing managers inde

x for March, which was back into expansion territory, may be a sign of accelerating industrial activities.

Exports in March also picked up, rising 14.2 percent in US dollar ter

ms from a year ago, versus 0.1 percent for the January-February period, customs data showed.

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AI major now available at universitiesigence-powered

Universities in China will welcome the first group o

f undergraduate students majoring in artificial intelligence in September.

According to a list issued by the Ministry of Education, 35 universities received approval to establish th

e four-year undergraduate AI-related majors amid the country’s drive to build a strong AI talent pool.

They include many prestigious universities such as Beijing Jiao

tong University, Beihang University, Nanjing University and Xi’an Jiaotong University.

Lin Youfang, vice-dean of the School of Computer and Information Technology at Beijing Jiaotong University, said the scho

ol plans to enroll about 30 undergraduate students majoring in AI in September.

There might be more students majoring in AI who transfer from other m

ajors through a selection process if the new major proves to be successful, he said.

www.prxffc.cn

Zheng Nanning, a researcher at the Chinese Academ

 of Engineering and head of the innovation research academy of intelligent robotics at Xi’an Jiaotong Univer

sity, said the university began considering an undergraduate AI major in 2016, and it has since established an experi

mental undergraduate AI class in 2018 with 55 students taught by the country’s leading AI experts.

The university established the academy in October 2017 and an AI school in Janua

ry. The academy has 26 master’s candidates and eight doctoral candidates, Zheng said.

“Universities should aim for major breakthroughs in basic res

earch and core technology. We are still striving to achieve

revolutionary and disruptive changes in AI theories, methods, tools and systems,” he added.

The ministry issued an action plan in 2018 to promote AI educa

tion in universities. According to the plan, universities in China will improve AI discip

line and make breakthroughs in basic theories and key technology research by 2020.

Chinese universities will become core forces for building major global AI innovation centers by 2030.

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